Compounded Asafoetida or Hing is a very popular Indian spice. However, our country imports the basic raw materials mainly from Iran and Afghanistan. Here in this article, we intend to explore starting a small-scale Hing manufacturing business.
Asafoetida is a plant. It has a bad smell and tastes bitter. Asafoetida is used as a fragrance in cosmetics and as a flavouring ingredient in foods and beverages. In India, there are thousands of cooking recipes where Hing is the essential spice.
Any individual can start a Hing manufacturing business with a comparatively small capital investment. Additionally, the business doesn’t demand a lot of space for the manufacturing operation. However, You will need to pay extra attention to the distribution of the product.
Table of Contents
7 Steps to Start Hing Manufacturing Business
1. Understand the Market
There are two main varieties of asafoetida. These are Hing Kabuli Sufaid (Milky white asafoetida) and Hing Lal (Red asafoetida). Asafoetida is acrid and bitter and emits a strong disagreeable pungent odor due to the presence of sulfur compounds therein.
The white or pale variety is water-soluble, whereas the dark or black variety is oil-soluble. Since pure asafoetida is not preferred due to its strong flavour, it is mixed with starch and gum and sold as compounded asafoetida. It is also available in free-flowing (Powder form) or tablet forms.
There is a good demand for quality compounded asafoetida in the domestic as well as in the export market. The major importers are the UK, Yemen, Belgium, Kenya, Malaysia, Oman, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, and other countries.
2. Hing Manufacturing Business Compliances
Hing is a food product and in starting commercial production, you must apply for different registrations and licenses. It is advisable to check your state laws. However, here we put some basic considerations.
- First of all, determine the form of the organization and register it. For a small-scale operation, you can go with proprietorship registration.
- Apply for GST Registration
- Then apply for MSME Udyog Aadhaar online registration.
- Apply for the Trade License from the local Municipal authority.
- Apply for FSSAI registration. Compliance with the PFA Act is mandatory.
- Additionally, apply for an ‘NOC’ from the State Pollution Control Board.
- Check the other tax liabilities in your state.
- Finally, determine a brand name and register it with Trademark registration.
3. Hing Manufacturing Plant Setup & Machinery
First of all, figure out how much capital you have and accordingly determine the business size. Additionally, you must have a customized project report or business plan. Generally, an area of 1000 Sq Ft is enough for the manufacturing operation.
Additionally, you must ensure the easy availability of utilities like electricity, water, and semi-skilled labour for the unit.
Some of the basic required machines are:
- Mixer Grinder
- Milling unit
- Tabletting machine
- Packaging Unit
4. Hing Manufacturing Process & Raw Materials
In starting this business, you will need to purchase the process technology from reliable sources. Here we put a basic procedure of the Hing production.
First of all, you will need to soak the pasty mass of asafoetida in water. Then mix the other ingredients in the required proportion in a mixer. Here add the slurry of the soaked asafoetida and mix well. The compounded
Then make the compounded asafoetida to the powder form in a mill and then pack it. Commercial asafoetida, owing to its high moisture content, often develops moulds on the surface, especially when packed in polyethene bags.
The major raw material is concentrated in Asafoetida. Additionally, you will need to procure the packaging consumables. Generally, plastic containers are the best option for packaging.
The quality of asafoetida depends on its volatile oil content, which provides a characteristic odour. A simple method is also available to determine the flavour strength in Asafoetida. Generally, an improved method of Hing manufacturing ensures a standard product and employs a minimum quantity of water which ensures a long shelf life.
5. Quality Control
Implement stringent quality checks by establishing a robust quality control system to ensure that each batch meets the prescribed quality standards. Regularly test for purity, aroma, and absence of contaminants.
6. Packaging and Branding
Select packaging materials that preserve the freshness and aroma of hing. Ensure that packaging is tamper-proof and complies with food safety regulations. Create an attractive brand identity and label that communicates the purity and quality of your hing. Include necessary information like manufacturing date, expiry date, and usage instructions.
7. Distribution and Marketing
Build Distribution Channels by establishing relationships with wholesalers, retailers, and supermarkets. Consider online platforms for a wider reach. Utilize digital marketing, social media, and collaborations with culinary influencers to create awareness and demand for your hing products.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Hing, and why is it significant in the culinary world?
Hing, also known as asafoetida, is a resin obtained from the Ferula plant. It is a crucial spice in many cuisines, particularly in Indian cooking, known for its distinctive flavour and aroma. It enhances the taste of dishes and is a staple in various recipes.
Is there a specific season for harvesting hing resin?
Yes, the harvesting season for hing resin typically aligns with the plant’s growth cycle, which is often in late spring to early summer. However, the exact timing can vary based on the geographical location and climate.
What are the key considerations when sourcing raw hing resin for manufacturing?
You need to ensure a reliable supply chain for fresh and high-quality hing resin. Factors to consider include the resin’s purity, aroma, and adherence to prescribed quality standards.
Are there different varieties of Hing, and can they be used interchangeably?
Yes, there are various types of hing, including raw hing resin, compounded hing, and powdered hing. While they share a common base, their uses can differ. Compounded hing often includes edible gum and other ingredients, while powdered hing is a convenient form for certain recipes.
What are the essential steps in the hing manufacturing process?
The manufacturing process involves cleaning and grading the raw hing resin, extracting the gum through solvent extraction, and compounding it if necessary. Stringent quality control checks are crucial at every stage.
Can I start a hing manufacturing business from home?
Establishing a Hing manufacturing business usually requires dedicated facilities due to the specialized equipment and adherence to hygiene standards. It may not be feasible to operate from home, considering the processing and quality control requirements.
What packaging materials are suitable for preserving the freshness of hing?
Choose packaging materials that are airtight, light-resistant, and tamper-proof. Options include foil pouches or glass containers with tight-sealing lids. Ensure the packaging complies with food safety regulations.