Tyre Retreading is a new technology. After applying this method the old tyres become serviceable and usable. The part of the tyre that comes in contact with the surface of the road is known as the tread. The tread is an integral part of the tyre and is responsible for providing traction.
New treads are available in the market. In brief, it can be put on an old tyre and cured with the help of steam. Similar to the new tyres, the treated tyres can be very well used on all vehicles, irrespective of light or heavy vehicles. With safe and new technology, which is being adopted nowadays, it will be easier and more economical to produce tyres.
Recently a new technology has been developed called the “Pre-cured Tread Rubber Retreading Process” which is commonly known as “Cold Process Retreading”.
In this process, the Pre-cured Tread Rubber already has a tread pattern on it eliminating the need for a tread matrix at the vulcanizing stage. Tread Rubber is procured along with other raw materials and manufactured in the factory under controlled conditions and given a well-researched pattern ensuring that the transporter gets a reliable perfectly finished product.
Retreading Tyre by the pre-cured method gives 50% more mileage than the tyre retreaded by the conventional process. In this article, we will explore how to start a small-scale tyre retreading business.
Table of Contents
Here are the 5 Steps to Start a Tyre Retreading Business
1. Is Tyre Retreading Profitable?
As in most parts of the world, tyre retreading in India is done extensively for commercial vehicles such as trucks and buses. The primary reason for retreading tyres is to save operational costs as applying a new tread can be done at less than half the cost of a new tyre.
With further growth of the economy, there will be an increased number of vehicles in transport as well as passenger vehicles and hence more tyres will be required. Hence, there is a very wide scope for retread tyres as an original replacement.
The retreading tyre industry for the commercial vehicle segment is poised for growth in India, fuelled by the increase in the number of vehicles, rising tyre costs, the advent of radial tyres, better roads and the introduction of multi-axle heavy-duty vehicles.
2. Business Registration & License
To start a tyre retreading business, you will need to apply for several licenses and registrations. Check your state’s law. However, here we have some general requirements.
- Register your business with ROC according to the management pattern of your firm.
- Obtain Trade License from Municipal Authority
- Obtain GST Registration
- Apply for Udyog Aadhaar MSME registration.
- Apply for NOC from Pollution Control Board
3. Tyre Retreading Machinery & Raw Material
Some of the basic machinery and raw materials needed for retreading tyres are the following:
- Buffing machine with dust collector builder tyre truck bonder/three tyres LCV/Passenger bonder with curing rims and Electric hoist.
- Workbench Envelope/Tyre stand Gantry
- Air compressor fitted with 5 HP Motor
- Air conditioner
- Tread bonder
You will need to procure the raw materials for tyre retreading. You can purchase those materials either from the local wholesale market or directly from the manufacturers. Required raw materials are Pre-cured Tread Rubber, Cushion Compound, Vulcanising Solution, and envelope.
4. Tyre Retreading Manufacturing Process
First of all, properly clean the tyres that come from the customers. Additionally, remove the dust and mud.
Then inspect the casing for cuts, ply section, the condition of beads etc. And then, based on the condition of the casing, select or reject the tyre. Under-inflated conditions, you must buff the selected tyre’s crown area to the required texture and contour. This is for better bonding of procured rubber to the casing.
Then, mount the buffed casing on the tread-building machine. And apply cushion compound on the buffed tread area over which the procured tread rubber is applied and stickled using rollers.
The joint portion of the procured tread rubber is stepped to avoid possible opening during the curing of the tyre.
The build-up of the tyre is covered by a rubber envelope and placed in the “bonder” and the bonder steam is passed at the specific temperature. It cures the cushion compound to complete the bonding of the tread on the casing. The final step of the tyre retreading process is storage and transport.
5. Cost of Starting Tyre Retreading Business
The cost and investment to launch a tyre retreading business can be divided into two categories. One is the fixed cost and the other is recurring capital expenses. Machinery and equipment are the major fixed cost whereas space rent, and sourcing raw materials are the main ongoing costs.
On average, the cost of starting a small-scale tyre retreading business will be around Rs. 15 Lacs to Rs. 30 Lacs.