A small-scale chicken hatchery is a lucrative business to start. However, the business demands sufficient knowledge and skill. The object of crafting this article is to provide information about how to start a successful chicken hatchery business.
Chicken meat is one of the most popular animal proteins globally. Additionally, it is the fastest growing component of global meat production. Poultry production in the country has shown a steady increase in the last two decades.
India is the third-largest egg producer after China and USA. And the fourth-largest chicken producer after China, Brazil, and the USA. Furthermore, there are ample scopes for enhancing the production. Production is getting more organized and move ahead of consumption resulting in optimum prices and with minimum profits. Compared with the rest of the livestock sector, the poultry industry in India is better organized and is progressing towards modernization.
Chicken Hatchery Market Opportunity
Poultry is today the major source of meat in India. Its share in total meat consumption is 28%, as against 14% ten years ago. However, major growth drivers are high mutton prices, religious restrictions on beef and pork, and the limited availability of fish outside coastal regions.
Additionally, the growth of the poultry sector depends partly on the size of the poultry population and partly on productivity. So there is always demand for the day one chicks for layers and broilers. Additionally, the poultry farmers always look for the quality birds.
Once you establish the reputation, they become your regular customers. Thus we can say a small-scale chicken hatchery unit has enough market opportunity and profit potential.
Things To Consider In Starting Chicken Hatchery
- Before starting the unit, analyze the local demand. You must sell the chick first locally.
- Furthermore, chicken hatchery business demands specific skill. If you do not have any previous experience try to attend training classes. You can contact your nearby Govt. offices of the Animal Husbandry Department. Generally, they conduct training from time to time.
- Pay extra attention to sourcing the quality eggs. Because only from good quality eggs you can get quality chicks.
- Financial management plays an important role in chicken hatchery operation. You will need to purchase the incubator. And it attracts a good amount of fixed capital investment.
- Finally, it is advisable to have a project report in hand before starting.
Chicken Hatchery Setup & Machinery
Establishing a chicken hatchery demands a sufficient area for the operation. You will need to provide the housing for the one-day chicks. In addition, you must provide the space for incubator operation, vaccinations, etc. Ensure the adequate supply of water and electricity. An area of 2000 Sq Ft is perfect for a small-scale hatchery operation. Major machinery list includes
- Egg Hatcher (Automatic)
- Egg setter
- Electric egg tester
- Electric Debeaking
- Egg weighing scale (1-100 gram cap.)
- Feeder, waterer, and brooder
- Misc. items like buckets, trays, baskets etc.
- Weighing balance
- Air conditioner
- Veterinary clinic instruments/equipment
Chicken Hatchery – Manufacturing Process
Generally, you can start in two ways. Either with eggs or with one-day chicks. You will get the best result from the second option obviously.
First of all, you will need to procure one-day old parent stock chicks of improved species of broiler and layer. You must procure from the reliable suppliers. Then transfer the chicks to poultry sheds. You have to provide balanced nutrition to these birds depending upon their age and variety up to laying stage. After they lay eggs collect them and transfer to the hatchery section. However, you must clean the eggs thoroughly to get rid of foreign matters. Then check the eggs for their suitability for hatching. You must segregate the eggs having cracked shells and unfertile eggs.
Then store the eggs in air-conditioned room in order to bring down normal to a suitable temperature. Then transfer the conditioned eggs to setter incubators and incubate for 18 days. You must maintain a temperature of 99.9ºF and relative humidity of 82% in the setter incubators. At the end of 18th day, you have to transfer the eggs to holder incubators. There maintain a temperature of 98.9ºF and relative humidity of 87% and incubate for 3 days.
At the end of 21 days, chicks come out after breaking eggshells. You must remove the eggshell and membranes. Then you will need to check each chick for its sex and separate out. Now you must provide medicines and vaccines to each and every chick. Thus your chicks are then ready for sale.
Quality Specification For Chicken Hatchery
You must produce the day-one chicks according to the customer specifications. However, the Bureau of Indian Standards has laid down specifications for day-old chicks (layer/broiler) under the following ISI
Specification: IS: 9800:1981: Basic requirements for day-old chicks (layer/broiler)
A revenue-wise chicken hatchery is a very profitable business. And has good potential for expansion also. However, proper management and consistent caring play the important role in getting long-term success in the chicken hatchery business.