Textile screen printing is the process of applying color to the fabric in definite patterns or designs. In properly printed fabrics the color is bonded with the fiber, so as to resist washing and friction. It refers to the production of designs of any kind that could not be made on textile fabrics by normal weaving/knitting techniques.
Textile screen printing is generally done on finished fabrics, curtain, clothes, ladies dress materials, bed sheets, bed covers, fabric for children garments, gents shirts etc. to improve its attractiveness, marketability etc. Nowadays, you will find a lot of upgraded machinery in the market. The process is not complex. Technical guidance about the printing is also available.
Textile Screen Printing Market Potential
Nowadays, textile screen printing offers ample innovation and creativity. It is playing a major role in the printing industry because of the availability of advanced screen printing machines, UV technology coupled with the availability of innovative special effects inks. Screen printing is now quicker, cheaper, produces better quality images and offers a number of special applications. This type of printing business has a good market potential both in the domestic and export market.
Textile Screen Printing Business Registration
In starting a small and medium scale textile screen printing unit, you will need to obtain following registrations and licenses.
- Business registration with ROC
- Trade License from Municipal Authority
- GST Registration
- Udyog Aadhaar MSME Registration
- NOC from Pollution Control Board
- IEC Code for export.
Textile Screen Printing Machinery & Raw Materials
In the last decade, from a predominantly manual printing process, there has been a big shift to semi-automatic and now fully automatic printing machines.
- Printing Table with AC Top
- Rubber squeezers
- Cottage steamer
- Open width jigger
- Cylinder drying machine
- Baby boiler
- Washroom trolleys
- Dye paste stirrer
- Weighing balance (Dial model)
You can also set up an automatic and large-scale textile screen printing unit. This types of machines allow versatile sizes and quality of fabrics to print.
Any types of fabric including sarees, clothes, bed sheets and textiles are the raw material for this type of printing unit.
Textile Screen Printing Process
Different steps involved in the printing process are the preparation of printing paste, printing of fabric, fixation of dyestuff by curing/steaming, washing off, calendering, folding and packing. Scoured and bleached cotton fabric as obtained from dealers is inspected to remove any objectionable faults and stretched evenly on the printing table.
Screens containing the designs is placed over the table and the dye paste is pressed over the screen by means of rubber squeezer.
The selection of dyes and gums depends on the construction of basic cloth to be printed and their end users. After printing, the printed clothes are cured or steamed for the fixation of the colour.
Later, the printed material is thoroughly washed to remove loose dyestuff. Then, it is calendered, folded and packed for the delivery.
With an automatic textile screen printing machine, you will get more uniformed and decent printing quality with a large quantity output.