Do you want to start a bread manufacturing business? Find here a detailed guide on starting a bread making business with low capital investment.
Bread manufacturing project can be initiated on a small-scale and does not require major licensing. Bread is a hygienically manufactured and packed snacks food product available at a comparatively cheap price. In modern days bread is now becoming one of the essential food items in human diet due to its ready-made availability and high nutritive value. It is the most consumable wheat based bakery product. The bread is low margin high volume based on processed food and also bread manufacturing is labor intensive.
The per capita consumption of bread in India is around 1.5 kg to 1.75 kg in various zones. The organized sector consists of around 1800 small-scale bread manufacturers around the country, besides 25 medium scale manufacturers and 2 large scale industries which were permitted to continue on the basis of their production capacity. Wheat flour, yeast, sugar, salt, water and shortening agent are required as raw materials to manufacture bread. The plant and machinery and the technology required to manufacturing the bread, are completely available in India.
Since the consumption of bread is increasing rapidly day by day, the demand also is increasing enormously. So, though there are a lot of organized as well as the private sector exists, the demand will not meet totally by them in near future. Bread manufacturing industry is 4.00 million tons industry growing at the rate of 6 percent and is expected to grow at the same rate in the medium term. So, for new startup entrepreneur, it may become a very good sector for investment.
Types of Bread Manufacturing Formulations
Many different types of bread manufacturing formulations have been developed so far. These formulations are developed in different regions based on the 7 traditional food habits of the people. The main bread types can be classified as under.
1. Pan bread: This type of bread is popular in the economically developed countries including USA, Canada, United Kingdom, and European nations.
2. Hearth bread or sour bread: This category of bread is produced with or without lactic acid fermentation. Hearth bread is baked in an open-hearth. These bread are becoming popular in France.
3. Flatbread or roti/chappati: This category of bread is popular in Asian countries. The product is unfermented and flat. This baked on a flat hot pan.
4. Rolls and other small fermented bread: These products generally have higher levels of sugar and fat in the formulation and thus typically have a sweeter taste and softer bite characteristics.
Bread Making Process
The bread making process is broadly divided into 6 different steps. The first step is to mix the various ingredients. Major ingredients include enzymes, starch, and yeast.
The second step is rising or fermenting. Once the mixture is fermented properly, you need to knead. This is done to correct if there are gas holes created while rising. After proper kneading, you need to once again for a rising again.
The next step is the critical baking process. The baking process will actually convert the unpalatable mass into a digestible and eatable bread.
The final step is cooling the baked bread. The baked bread is normally allowed to cool to 35-degree centigrade temperature.
Bread Manufacturing Project Sample Cost Synopsis:
|Plant Capacity: 5000 packets per day||Plant & Machinery: Rupees 12 Lakhs|
|Working Capital: Rupees 11 Lakhs||Total Capital Investment: Rupees 36 Lakhs|
|Return: 13.53%||Break Even: 80.44%|
The actual cost of bread manufacturing project may deviate on change of any of the assumptions. You can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.