Banana is one of the important fruits in India. It occupies about 4.83 lakh hectares with a production of about 16.17 million MT. Banana is a rich source of energy producing food. In addition, people consume it in several varieties of preparations and forms. The major share of banana production in the country is consumed in the fresh form. Banana is highly perishable in nature. However, you can preserve it by processing to produce banana pulp, banana chips, banana powder etc.
The banana wafer is an innovative product. It is a thin slice of banana that is deep fried until crunchy. Banana chips are commonly served as an appetizer, side dish, or snack. Basically, the chips are cooked and salted. Additionally, you can produce different varieties using various flavorings and ingredients including seasonings, herbs, spices, cheeses, and artificial additives. Banana wafer making is profitable. Additionally, you can run manufacturing operation with potato chips also.
Market Opportunities For Banana Wafer Making Business
The processed food industry ranks fifth in size in the country, accounting for 14 % of the total industrial output and 6.5 % of GDP. There exists a very large market for chips and they can be sold at various retail outlets, paan shops, bus stands, railway stations, roadside eateries, etc. There also exists institutional market consisting of clubs and other institutions, school & college canteens, army establishments, bars & pubs, railway, and airlines caterers, etc. Additionally, good quality banana wafers have also the export potential. Also, the Govt. of India has allowed a tax holiday for five years for the food processing industry.
Banana Wafer Making Business Registration & License
You will need to apply for different registrations and licenses from the different authority.
- First of all, register your business with ROC. For a Micro and small unit, you can register proprietorship firm. However, in a partnership operation, LLP and Pvt. Ltd. options are recommended.
- Additionally, obtain Trade License from Municipal Authority
- Register with Udyog Aadhaar MSME. This is optional. However, it will help you in getting different Govt. subsidies and grants.
- Also, obtain VAT Registration
- Compliance with FPO Act is mandatory.
- Apply for Food Business Operator License. It is mandatory for packaged food processing and selling in India.
- Finally, in large scale operation, obtain Factory License.
Banan Wafer Making Machine & Unit Setup
Any individual can initiate a small and medium scale banana wafer making unit as the semi-automatic basis. To produce, 50 tons of banana chips every year with working of two shifts and 300 working days, you will need to have following machinery.
- Slicer made of SS with attachments and electric motor
- Electrically-operated dryer with trolleys and 96 trays
- Oil sieve
- Automatic Sealing Machine
- Coal-fired Furnace
- Cutting and peeling knives, aluminum utensils, weighing scale, etc.
- DG set
First of all, you must select a well-drained site with the well connectivity with the roads. It should be preferably in a raw material production area or at the consumption center. Additionally, you must keep the hygienic condition of the surroundings while selecting the site. Water and power in sufficient quantities and qualities must be available.
You can also establish the fully-automatic banana chips or banana wafer making unit. It will save manpower cost. However, a huge amount of production is also possible with this type of unit.
Banana Wafer Making Raw Materials
Varieties of Banana suitable for chips manufacturing are Nendran, Cavendish, and Pachabale. Other materials required are salt, edible oil, spices, and flavors. But their quantities shall be very small. Printed polyethene bags and corrugated or cardboard boxes would form the packing materials.
Banana Wafer Making Process Flowchart
Banana wafer making process is simple. It involves visual inspection and sorting of damaged bananas and washing them in water. Then do peeling and trimming before slicing or cutting them to the required size. Additionally, wash and dry them once again. Then fry them and mix either salt or other spices/flavors homogeneously. After cooling them, pack the wafers in pouches or plastic bags. In banana wafer making, the organic wastes like banana peels etc. are decomposable and biodegradable.