Bakery business is one of the largest industry in food processing sector in India. Moreover, the domestic demand for bakery products is huge throughout the country. The bakery is one of the most profitable food processing business opportunity one can initiate by having owned or rented space.
Selecting the right product and proper marketing strategy is the major deciding factor in getting success in the bakery business. According to the demand and financial aspect, you will need to choose the specific products for your bakery business.
Bread and biscuits are the most common products but other items like cakes, pastries, cream-rolls, cookies etc. are also very popular in India.
Step by Step Guide on Starting Bakery Business with Low Capital
Why Bakery Business?
Though there are sufficient automatic and semi-automatic bread as well as biscuit manufacturing units in India there are still a number of people who prefer fresh bread and other products from the local bakery. Bakery products are an item of mass consumption in view of its low price and with rapid growth and changing eating habits of people. The bakery industry has achieved the third position in generating revenue among the processed food sector.
The per capita consumption is very high in industrialized states like Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and West Bengal. The Biscuits are becoming quite popular in rural areas as well. Generally, rural sectors consume around 55% of the biscuits.
The shining star of the sector remains the biscuits industry, which is expected to outperform the growth of the sector overall. Thus, opening a bakery business is considered as a promising and profitable business venture for new startup entrepreneurs.
License & Registrations Required to Start a Bakery Manufacturing Business
In starting a bakery business, you will need to register the business first with ROC (Register of Companies). You have to apply for a food business operating license from FSSAI (Food Safety & Standards Authority of India). Additionally, you will need to require individual licenses from FSSAI for the delivery boy or delivery vehicle.
You will need to ensure the compliance of all the fire safety guidelines. You may also register your bakery unit as SSI from local DIC office. Obtain Vat Registration. You also need to have clearance from Pollution Control Board.
Decide the Business Structure
In addition, open a current Bank Account. You can also apply for a loan for machinery and working capital. You can register your business as SSI Unit also.
Apply for Sales Tax Registration.
If you are looking forward to building a brand of your bakery items. registering Trade Mark must be considered.
Arranging Finance to Start Small Scale Bakery Manufacturing Unit
In initiating a bakery business, you will need to arrange two types of capital.
One is fixed capital for setting up the unit and purchasing machinery.
The second one is working capital. Hire purchase leasing is available from banks for machinery purchase. You can avail a cash credit or overdraft account to serve the requirement of working capital.
If you want to know more about financing, check our detailed guide on ways of funding a small scale business.
Develop a Bakery Business Plan
It is always recommended to have customized business plan in hand. It helps not only in arranging finance but also in preparing the unit, purchasing and installing the right machinery and in other operational aspects. Before installing the machinery, having a layout plan and implementation schedule is essential.
Bakery Business Quality Control
The PFA Act, 1954 is mandatory and BIS Specifications are optional for Wafer Biscuits. The relevant Bureau of Indian Standards Specification for Wafers (second revision) (with Amendment No. 2) is IS 2397:1988. The specification for Biscuits (third revision) (with Amendment No. 1) is IS 1011:1992.
However, you can obtain the details of specifications from the Bureau of Indian Standards, Manak Bhavan, 9, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi-110 002.
Bakery Manufacturing Business Machinery
According to the desired product and production output, you can establish bakery unit by two ways. One is fully automatic setup and another one is semi-automatic setup. Generally, you will need to have following basic machines for making biscuits, wafer, bread etc.
- Wafer biscuit making machine.
- Butter Mixing Machine
- Sugar grinding machine
- Planetary mixer machine
- Sealing machine
- Working table with S.S./Aluminium top
- Weighing Balance platform type
- Aluminum vessels, Mats, cups, Mugs, ladle, spoons, gloves, etc.
Apart from these, you will need to arrange electrification and water supply.
Raw Material & Production process of Bakery Business
The major required raw materials are wheat flour, sugar, eggs, and ghee. You will need to procure other items like milk powder, yeast, salt, assorted fruits, baking powder, caramel color, vanilla, butter, cream, etc. in small quantity.
If you are starting in small scale, you can procure all the raw material from the local wholesale market. For medium scale unit, you can procure major raw material from direct manufacturer.
If you are planning to start a large scale bakery business, you can also setup your own flour mill.
In making biscuits, mix the calculated amount of maida, starch, vanaspati, water etc. in a mixer to form a paste. Then pour the paste into the pre-heated mold to bake wafer sheet. Additionally, mix the other ingredients like sugar, vanaspati, colors, essence in a planetary mixer to form the cream. Then apply the cream to the sheets to form sand witch. Thereafter, cut the sandwich into biscuits and pack in pouches.
To make cakes, mix thoroughly wheat flour and baking powder along with cream, sugar, and ghee till it becomes fluffy. Then add the mixture of beaten eggs to it along with caramel color and chopped fruits. Mix it before pouring the mixture into cake pans. Thereafter, bake it for around 30-40 minutes. a
You can produce pastries in different shapes like square, rectangular etc. from thick cake sheets, buttercream, jam etc. is placed between layers of cake. Then chill the layered cake and cut with sharp knife into the required shape and size. Sides of the pieces are iced with buttercream or fudge and topped with finely ground cake crumbs or pieces of fruits or chocolate strips and decorated with proper design, colour and garnish.
This is a semi-automatic process, You can also go for a fully automatic bakery business production setup.
Keep in mind, manpower recruiting is a critical aspect to be successful in this business. You need to have skilled manpower especially in the production process of bakery items.
Market Manufactured Bakery Items
You can sell bakery items broadly in two ways. One way is to create a distribution network catering to local retailers. The other way is selling online.
For physical distribution, you must contact retailers and local dealers and ask them to promote your brand of bakery products. You can go through our detailed article low-cost marketing ideas for startups to learn more.