Do you want to start a corrugated carton cardboard box making business? If yes, this article will help you in getting a basic guide to start the business. The post includes business plan guide, with market potential, necessary permissions, machinery, raw materials, and production process.
Actually, cardboard boxes come under the packaging solution segment. And in most of the cases, product manufacturers use these boxes as outer packaging solution. Generally, these boxes are available in various shapes and size.
It provides proper support even in bulk packaging and during transportation. These boxes are the preferred means of packaging as they possess high durability, light-weightiness, high strength, appealing aesthetic value, cost-effectiveness, and recyclability. Corrugated boxes are majorly used for shipping of goods.
With a moderate startup investment, any individual can start this business. Also, initiating this business doesn’t demand any specific educational background. However, it needs proper planning, sound investment capacity, and networking skill. And definitely, it is a B2B business. Hence, your customers are other business organizations.
Cardboard Box Making Market Potential
Generally, the corrugated box industry is an inevitable part of manufacturing sectors. And it heavily relies on ample corrugated packaging for finished goods transportation and handling.
Rapid industrialization, particularly in emerging economies such as China, Brazil, and India, is expected to increase trade activities in this region. The Asia Pacific accounted for maximum demand share in the global market. Also, the booming eCommerce industry accounts a major buyer of cardboard boxes. Hence, the growth of these sectors is expected to fuel the demand for corrugated boxes market over the next few years. Some of the major segments that use the corrugated cardboard boxes are
- Food and beverage products
- Electronic Goods
- Household appliances
- Personal and household care goods
- Glassware and ceramics
- Paper products
- Automobile components
- Rubber & rubber products
- Textile goods
- Tobacco products
- Other nondurable goods
6 Advantages of Using Corrugated Cardboard Box
- First of all, Cardboards have good printing and graphics holding capability. Therefore, enterprises in order to attract consumer groups embed their logo, company name and other promotional details on their packaging.
- Cardboard containers are the cheapest form of packaging. Also, it helps in reducing the final product price on account of bundling with packaging. And in turn, it is expected to increase its demand for packaging purposes in several industries.
- The product is biodegradable and recyclable and poses the least impact on the environment. So, environment-friendly nature increases their preference for their alternatives which include plastics and polymers.
- Cardboards can be easily folded and stacked when not in use, thus occupying less space.
- These boxes do not undergo any chemical reaction with food and beverages as compared to metal containers.
- Finally, corrugated cardboard boxes are light in weight and are very convenient to handle during loading and unloading.
Licenses and Permissions for Cardboard Box Making Business
First of all, initiating a production company demands business registration. So, according to the investment ratio and management pattern, you will need to select the right form of business organization. And then register the business with ROC of your state. However, you can also consider initiating the business as proprietorship or partnership company. Also, you can consider MSME Udyog Aadhaar online registration. It will help you in getting Government grants and subsidies.
Generally, this type of small-scale operation doesn’t demand any major licenses. However, you will need a factory license. Also, apply for a NOC from the regional Pollution Control Board. Apply for GST number for tax filing.
Cardboard Box Making Unit Establishment & Machinery
For establishing the unit, you will need to have a covered area. It is better to start in an industrial zone. Generally, the specific area requirement depends on the unit size and expected production output. However, you can start a small-scale operation with a 2000 Sq Ft covered area. Ensure that space has an industrial electric connection and adequate water supply for general use.
After securing the space, you will need to procure the machinery. Talk to the different machine manufacturing companies and get the quotation. Check the warranty period and customer feedbacks. It is better to procure the machinery from a reputed and established company. Some of the major required machines are
- Single Face Corrugating
- Sheet cutter
- Board Cutter
- Sheet Pasting Machine
- Rotary Cutting & Creasing Machine
- Eccentric Slotter
- Stitching Machine
- Pressing machine
- Flexo Printing Machine
- Variable frequency drive
- Generator set
Cardboard Box Making Process & Raw Materials
Generally, the process of manufacture of corrugated fibreboard & boxes is quite simple. The unit mainly comprises of two sections viz. corrugated board making and box making section.
Corrugated Board Making
First of all, you will need to produce corrugated board from the corrugated paper sheet. Apply the glue to the facings of flat paper. Then employ a corrugating machine for the corrugation of flat sheet and preparation of corrugated flexible 2 ply board.
One layer of paper becomes corrugated after passing through the heated fluted rolls. Now, the other is brought in contact with the former having been glued at the tips. These two sheets get pasted together and are wound in rolls. Then, the resulting roll comes as a single face or 2-ply corrugated board.
Then cut this roll with board cutter machine. Apply the glue on the corrugated side on pasting machine. And finally, press the 3rd ply of paper over it. Now, you get the double face or 3-ply corrugated board. Similarly, you can paste from board to board to form thicker boards i.e. 5-ply, 7-ply and 9-ply boards.
Cardboard Box Producing
Now, you can produce the box from those sheets. First of all, dry those sheets. And process further to produce corrugated boxes.
Always, the size of a box depends on the inside dimensions. With the longer dimension (length) of the opening given first followed by width and depth. The most economical box for a given cubic content has the proportions of 2:1:2 (L:W:D). However, you can also use other proportion. Also, you can produce printed box as per client’s specifications.
Finally, you must pay careful attention to the quality specification of the product. BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) has published the specification for different applications. so, you must follow that BI guide in cardboard box making business.