Rubber gloves are being used in the medical industry, automobile industry, and manufacturing industry including food processing. The major purpose of using these rubber gloves is to protect the hand and fingers from heat, abrasion, electric shocks, chemical attack, contamination through direct contact as in the case of medical examination gloves, etc.
The rubber gloves manufacturing process is not complex and the main raw material is rubber latex. This small business manufacturing can be initiated on a small scale with small startup capital.
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Is Rubber Gloves Manufacturing Business Profitable?
The demand for industrial and household rubber gloves is rapidly increasing on account of the rapid industrialization and urbanization of our country currently taking place. Several workers in the chemical, electrical, and food processing industries use rubber gloves.
Similarly, the number of people using gloves for household purposes during handling of detergents, floor polishes, pesticides, and the like is also increasing especially in urban areas.
The Indian market for medical gloves is still evolving. While the global market is growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of two percent, the Indian market is at seven percent growth.
Every day there is a new hospital or nursing home popping up in India. As a result, the demand for medical gloves is expected to increase. Medical tourism is also driving the growth of this product category in our country. The market size therefore only for surgical gloves in India is Rs 300 crore. In view of all this, there is good scope to initiate a small-scale rubber gloves manufacturing unit.
6-Step Rubber Gloves Manufacturing Project Business Plan
1. Registration & Permission for Rubber Gloves Manufacturing
In initiating rubber glove manufacturing, your first step is registering your business with the Register of Companies.
You will need to obtain a Trade License from Municipal Authority and MSME Udyog Aadhar Registration from DIC. You will need to apply for consent to establish and operate from the Pollution Control Board. Commercial electrification is also required.
Apply for GST Registration. It is a must to start a manufacturing business in India.
2. Arrange Funds
It is recommended to have a customized project report with a financial assessment in hand before initiating the rubber gloves manufacturing business. In arranging finance, it is mandatory.
Two types of costs are generally involved in rubber glove manufacturing. One is fixed capital and another one is working capital.
For fixed capital requirements, you can apply for a term loan, and for working capital needs, you can go for cash credit or an overdraft account. You can also apply for a combined project loan from any bank or financial institution.
3. Rubber Gloves Manufacturing Unit Setup
In initiating the rubber gloves manufacturing unit set up you first need to find the right location for factory operation. According to the project report, the setup should have the required space.
Additionally, you must account for the major utility such as water and electricity with priority. Proper layout planning for machinery establishment, raw material storage, packaging unit, and finished goods storage is important.
4. Machines for Rubber Gloves Manufacturing
Listed down are some of the basic production machinery, tools, and equipment to start a rubber gloves manufacturing unit:
- Ball mill with porcelain pots with 3 HP motor
- A demonizing tank of 100 liters capacity With Stirrer arrangement with motor
- Compounding tanks of 100 Litres capacity (Coagulant & pre-vulcanizing vats) with Covers
- Dipping vats of 100 liters capacity(Coagulant & Pre-vulcanizing vats) with covers
- Hot air oven of size 5” × 3” × 4” electrically heated, with thermostatic control
- Formers for gloves
- Weighing scale
- Packaging machine etc.
5. Raw Material For Rubber Gloves
The rubber gloves production unit can be operated in two ways. One is by preparing centrifuged latex from raw rubber and then making gloves out of it.
Another one is using centrifuged latex as the raw material in the production of rubber gloves. For a small-scale unit, you must opt for the second option.
The required raw materials are Centrifuged latex-60% DRC, Potassium Hydroxide, China clay, Sulphur, ZDC, Zinc Oxide, Vulkanox SP, Vegetable oil, Dispersing agent, Formic acid, Talc, Titanium Dioxide, Stabilizer, etc. You will need to arrange the packaging of consumable items also.
6. Rubber Gloves Production Process
The manufacturing process consists of compounding creamed or centrifuged latex concentrate with necessary chemicals and dipping suitable formers into the compounded and matured latex. A thin film of rubber will be deposited on the formers.
Additionally, repeat the operation of dipping till the formers form a sufficient deposit of rubber. Then dry the rubber deposit at 70°C and vulcanize it at 12°C. This is then stripped off from the former and inspected. Finally, pack the finished products and send them for storage and dispatch.
During the time of production of rubber gloves from raw rubber the production flow chart will be as follows:
Harvesting the Latex → Collection of the Latex → Collection Centers → Quality Control → Pre Centrifugation → Centrifugation → Compounding → Dipping and Coagulation → Pre-Vulcanisation leaching → Vulcanization → Stripping → Post-Vulcanisation Leaching → Lubrication → Chlorination → Final inspection → Packaging