Do you want to start a floriculture business? Do you want to know how to start a flower farm business in India? If YES, find here 20 most profitable flower farming business ideas for your ready reference.
First of all, let us discuss what is floriculture all about. Mainly, floriculture consists of cut flowers, pot plants, cut foliage, seeds bulbs, tubers, rooted cuttings and dried flowers or leaves. Nowadays, floriculture has become one of the important commercial trades in Agriculture. Additionally, the business has the good export potential for the developing countries.
Generally, floriculture is the great opportunity for the people who love gardening. And, one can earn good money from flower farming business. However, you must consider your investment capacity, the area of land, agroclimatic condition and local market demand. Flowers are the highly perishable item. So, proper post-harvest management is necessary for keeping the flowers fresh and marketable.
List of 20 Floriculture Business Ideas – Flower Farming
#1. Alstroemeria – Alstroemeria spp.
This flower is also popular as Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas or Parrot Lily. You can find at least 50 species around the globe. Alstroemeria flowers have no fragrance. However, it has a vase life of about two weeks. The plant needs full sun and well-drained soil for farming.
You can find 120 species in the Anemone genus. Anemones grow wild in many European countries, in North America, and Japan. The plant needs very well-drained, moderately fertile soil in a lightly shaded or sunny location. You must provide watering in the early days of planting to establish a deep, extensive root system.
#3. Carnations – Dianthus
First of all, carnation is popular as “The Flowers of God”. Actually, the flower comes in numerous colors. You can grow carnation from cuttings. Additionally, the flowers need some hours of full sun each day. Keep the soil in the moist condition. However, avoid overwatering.
Flower bulbs are one of the best crops for the specialty flower grower who is growing for market. Daffodils are excellent for naturalizing, with vigorous growth, long life and an abundance of flowers. Additionally, daffodils are easy to grow.
Due to the specific and pleasing scent, the freesias are often used in hand creams, shampoos, candles, etc. However, the flowers are majorly used in the wedding bouquets. You can find so many colors including white to yellow, pink, red and blue-mauve.
Gerberas come in numerous colors. Additionally, it is one of the most popular cut flowers globally, The flower has a long vase life. The most inexpensive way to produce gerberas is from seed. However, you must obtain the seed from reputed seed suppliers.
Actually, gladiolus is very popular cut flowers. The flowers come in numerous colors. The newer varieties of garden gladiolus have spikes and will stand upright without staking. Glads prefer a rich sandy soil, full sun, and frequent watering.
This flowering plant comes from the carnation family. Plants bloom quickly from seed. However, you must plant in the outdoor. Germination takes 10-20 days. Gypsophila is majorly used in the bouquets and flower vase.
Iris must have a rich, well-drained soil, as it will not tolerate wet feet. Basically, these are garden plants. You can find at least about 200 species, varying in form, color, growing requirements and methods of propagation.
The scientific name of jasmine is Jasminum. And the flower belongs to olive family Oleaceae. A substantial amount of jasmine flowers go to the market for fresh usage. You can find several fresh flower usage like making garlands, bouquet, decorating hair of women, religious offering etc.
In starting a lavender floriculture business, you must consider the agroclimatic condition first. Lavender needs full sun to do well, but not too much summer heat. Additionally, select the right lavender variety that suits in your locality. You can sell both the lavender plants and the value-added products.
Broadly, there are two growth types of orchids. The first, known as Monopodial Orchids and the second known as Sympodial Orchids. Generally, orchid needs good sunlight. You will need to provide sun lights 12 to 14 hours each day. Additionally, most tropical orchids prefer humidity levels of 60 to 80%.
Peonies are herbaceous perennials. You can find at least 30 species of Peonies around the globe. Generally, peonies produce large, often fragrant flowers. However, the plants need little care and live through severe winters. During the dry summer months, the plants require regular, deep watering.
Rhododendron is popular as the King of Shrubs. Additionally, it is one of the best flowering evergreen plants for the temperate landscape. You will need to provide water to the plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week.
Rose is a is a perennial shrub or vine of the Rosa genus and the family Rosaceae. Generally, the rose grows well in the plains under ideal condition of fertile loamy soils with salt-free irrigation water. You can harvest the flowers at the tight bud stage when the color is fully developed.
Europe and the USSR produce over 60% of the world’s Sunflowers. Sunflower is the national flower of Russia and the state flower of Kansas, USA. Basically, sunflower grows well in the soil with lots of water holding capacity, drainage, and fertilizer.
The scientific name of tuberose is Polianthes tuberosa. And it belongs to Amaryllidaceae family. Basically, South Africa, North Carolina, USA, and India are the major growers of tuberose. Successfully, you can grow the plant on a wide range of soils, even in soils affected by acidity or alkalinity to some extent.
Basically, tulip prefers full sun but will settle for less. To produce large bulbs for sale in quantities, you should lift, divide, and store your bulbs each June. The flowers good revenue return. Additionally, the flowers have good export potential.
Violets typically have heart-shaped leaves and asymmetrical flowers. For violet farming, you will need to select a site with full sun to light shade. Provide water only moderately. Although they love cool conditions, Violets don’t need huge amounts of water.
Basically, zinnia comes as colorful and long-lasting flowers. This is one of the best floriculture opportunity that you can explore with small capital investment. You can grow the plant from seed. Additionally, zinnia demands regular watering with adequate care and management.
India’s floriculture segment is small and unorganized. There is a lot to be done in this lucrative sector. Owing to a steady increase in demand for flower, floriculture has become one of the important Commercial trades in Agriculture.
Floriculturapp makings mainly consist of cut flowers, pot plants, cut foliage, seeds bulbs, tubers, rooted cuttings and dried flowers or leaves. The important floricultural crops in the international cut flower trade are the rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, gerbera, gladiolus, gypsophila, liastris, nerine, orchids, archilea, anthuriu, tulip, and lilies. Floriculture crops like gerberas, carnation, etc. are grown in greenhouses.
In starting a floriculture business, we hope this list of 20 flower farming business ideas will help you in making an informed decision.