Wooden pencil or lead pencil is an essential item for students and artists. Generally, HB and 2B pencils have popularity in the Indian market. Even in the recent era of computers, printers, tablets, cell phones and a whole host of other writing and drawing instruments, pencil industry is growing.
Certainly, it’s a very competitive industry. With an increasing focus on cost and the quality of the average products, entrepreneurs must come up with the quality product. Here in this article, we intend to explore how to start a wooden pencil manufacturing project on a small and medium scale basis.
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Wooden pencil Manufacturing – Market Potential
There is a growing demand for a wooden pencil in the market. The products find application in schools, colleges, government offices, commercial establishments, NGOs and miscellaneous activities.
According to the type of carbon used, pencils are classified as soft, medium and hard. There is no doubt about the acceptability of the product and lead pencils still command a respectful demand. The product has a good export potential also.
According to the different grades, there is a variety of HB, B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8B, 9B, and 10B. Writing, drawing, sketching, coloring, and shading are the basic applications of the wooden pencil.
The ever increasing population of the country and requirement of quality products are the major reason for the growth of this evergreen business. There is sufficient market for the pencil to justify the establishment of a wooden pencil manufacturing plant in India.
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Wooden Pencil Manufacturing – Legalities
To start a small scale wooden pencil manufacturing business, you will need to apply for different registrations and licenses. It is advisable to check the specific rule of your state.
- Register your firm with ROC
- Apply for Trade License from Municipal Authority
- Additionally, apply for MSME Udyog Aadhaar Registration
- Apply for VAT
- Obtain NOC from Pollution Control Board
Wooden Pencil Manufacturing Machinery & Raw Materials
You can start wooden pencil manufacturing in two ways. One is by procuring lead or by manufacturing lead at your own plant. Generally, wooden pencils are made by using a fully-automatic machine. The machine is accumulated with a Ball mill, Filter press, Kneading Machine, Automatic shaping, and grooving Machine, Gluing Machine for slats; End cutting Machine, Painting Machine, Embossing Machine, Dies, tools, cutters & other miscellaneous equipment.
The required raw materials are wooden slates (6 Ply), graphite (improved variety), ball clay, glue, paint, varnishes, driers, lacquers, binders, pigments, sandpapers etc. Pencils are generally packed in cardboard boxes. You must procure the same as packaging consumables.
Wooden Pencil Manufacturing Process
For the manufacture of lead, you will need to mix the high-grade graphite powder with ball clay in the required proportion. Then charge it into a ball mill with sufficient quantity of water for wet grinding. In addition, decant the filtrate and dry the pressed cake in a baking oven.
Then knead the dried materials in a kneading machine for further homogenizing. Additionally, press the kneaded materials into billets. Then feed it into an extrusion machine for making the lead slip of the desired diameter. Finally, sort out the lead slips and mark them.
For the manufacturing of pencils, feed the slats into an automatic shaping and grooving machine. Here you can make grooves of required dimensions. Additionally, you can carry on different stages of processing include gluing, painting, cutting, etc to manufacture the finished product. Finally, pack the finished products in cardboard boxes with 12 dozens of pencils each.
In the wooden pencil manufacturing business, major required utilities are electricity, water, and human resource.