Skip to content

How to Start a Soybean Oil Manufacturing Business

Soybean oil is an important edible cooking oil globally. It is a vegetable oil. Generally, it is produced from the seeds. Here in this article, we have provided complete details of starting a soybean oil manufacturing business with costs, machinery, plant setup, and much more.

Is Soybean Oil Manufacturing Business Profitable?

The profitability of a soybean oil manufacturing business is influenced by various factors, including market demand, production efficiency, input costs, and overall management. The global demand for edible oils, including soybean oil, remains substantial due to its versatile uses in cooking and food processing.

Read: Best Small Manufacturing Business Ideas

According to a report by Statista, the global soybean oil market size was valued at approximately $42 billion in 2020.
The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is projected to be around 5.1% from 2021 to 2028. Data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) indicates that soybean prices fluctuated around $9.30 per bushel in recent years.

10 Steps to Start a  Soyabean Oil Manufacturing Business

1. Conduct Market Research

Identify demand by analyzing the demand for soybean oil in your target market. Do market research and understand consumer preferences, existing competitors, and potential gaps in the market.

2. Create a Business Plan

Clearly outline your business objectives, including the scale of production, target market, and financial projections. Conduct a thorough cost analysis covering equipment, raw materials, labour, and operational expenses.

3. Choose a Suitable Location

In starting a soybean oil production business, location plays a most important role. You must establish the unit near the soybean growing areas to minimize transportation costs. Also, ensure the availability of necessary infrastructure, such as water and electricity.

4. Obtain Necessary Licenses and Permits

Research and secure all required licenses and permits for operating a soybean oil manufacturing business. The requirement for specific licenses mainly depends on the finished product. First, determine whether you want to sell the solvent-extracted oil or refined soybean oil. In addition, check your state law for further confirmation. Here, we have compiled some of the basic requirements.

  • First of all, register your business and prepare the MOA.
  • Apply for MSME Udyog Aadhaar online registration
  • Obtain the NOC from the Pollution Control Board
  • Apply for the commercial electricity connection & water supply
  • Apply for the Factory License.
  • Additionally, apply for the FSSAI license. You must maintain the standard according to the PFA Act.
  • Finally, check the upcoming tax liabilities of the business.
  • Apply for the GST registration number.

5. Secure Funding

Determine the initial investment required for land, equipment, and working capital. Explore financing options by considering business loans, grants, or partnerships to secure the necessary funds.

6. Buy Soybean Oil Machinery

Setting up a soybean oil manufacturing business involves the installation of specific equipment. Here is a detailed overview of the essential equipment and the plant setup process:

Oilseed Cleaning Equipment

  • Purpose: Remove impurities, stones, and other foreign materials from soybeans.
  • Equipment: Vibrating screen, destoner, and magnetic separator.

Cracking and Dehulling Equipment

  • Purpose: Crack the soybeans to expose the oil-bearing cells and remove the outer hull.
  • Equipment: Cracking mills, dehullers, and aspirators.

Conditioning Equipment

  • Purpose: Heat treatment to facilitate oil extraction.
  • Equipment: Steam cooker or conditioner.

Oil Extraction Equipment

  • Purpose: Extract oil from the prepared soybeans.
  • Equipment Options:
    • Expeller Press: Mechanical press that squeezes oil from soybeans.
    • Solvent Extraction Unit: Uses solvents like hexane for efficient oil extraction.

Oil Filtering Equipment

  • Purpose: Remove impurities and solid particles from the extracted oil.
  • Equipment: Oil filter press or other filtration systems.

Refining Equipment

  • Purpose: Improve the quality and purity of the extracted oil.
  • Equipment Options:
    • Degumming Tank: Removes phospholipids.
    • Neutralizing Tank: Neutralizes free fatty acids.
    • Bleaching Tank: Removes color pigments.
    • Deodorizing Tank: Eliminates odours.

Oil Filling and Packaging Equipment

  • Purpose: Package the refined soybean oil for distribution.
  • Equipment: Filling machines, capping machines, and labelling machines.

Storage Tanks

  • Purpose: Store raw soybeans, processed oil, and by-products.
  • Types: Stainless steel tanks for oil storage, and silos for soybean storage.


  • Boiler System: Provides steam for the cooking and conditioning processes.
  • Power Generator: Ensures uninterrupted power supply.

7. Soybean Manufacturing Plant Setup Process

Design an efficient layout considering the flow of materials and adherence to safety standards. Install and calibrate the oilseed cleaning, cracking, dehulling, extraction, refining, and packaging equipment. Establish proper electrical connections and plumbing for water supply and waste disposal. Set up a laboratory for regular testing of soybeans, intermediate products, and final oil quality.

Implement safety measures, including fire extinguishers, emergency exits, and protective gear for workers. Conduct training programs for the workforce on operating machinery, quality control, and safety protocols.

8. Employ Skilled Workforce

Hire experienced staff for operating machinery, quality control, and overall production management. Conduct training programs to enhance the skills of your workforce.

9. Develop Distribution Channels

Build relationships with distributors, wholesalers, and retailers for efficient distribution. Consider export options to expand your market reach.

10. Implement Marketing Strategies

Develop a strong brand identity for your soybean oil. Create a website for your soybean oil manufacturing unit. Highlight any unique qualities or health benefits. Utilize online platforms to create awareness and reach a wider audience.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the raw materials for soybean oil manufacturing?

The most important raw material is soy seed. Additionally, you have to procure Hexane and other miscellaneous chemicals. In addition to that, you have to arrange packaging materials for bulk packaging purposes.

What is the price of a soybean oil machine?

The price of a soybean oil machine will depend on the type and the desired production output. The cost will range from 1 lac to 5 Lac per machine for a small-scale operation.

What is Soybean Oil?

Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from soybeans. It is a widely used cooking oil known for its neutral taste, high smoke point, and nutritional benefits.

How is Soybean Oil Extracted?

Soybean oil is typically extracted through either mechanical pressing using expeller presses or through solvent extraction. Mechanical pressing involves crushing the soybeans, while solvent extraction uses chemical solvents to separate the oil.

What are the Main Uses of Soybean Oil?

Soybean oil is used for cooking, frying, baking, and salad dressings. It is also an ingredient in various food products, such as margarine and mayonnaise. Additionally, it finds applications in non-food products like biodiesel and industrial lubricants.

How Profitable is Soybean Oil Manufacturing?

The profitability of soybean oil manufacturing depends on factors like market demand, production efficiency, input costs, and value-added products. Data suggests a growing global market, but success requires strategic planning and efficient operations.

What are the Key Challenges in Soybean Oil Manufacturing?

Challenges may include fluctuating soybean prices, regulatory compliance costs, and competition. Managing these challenges requires staying informed about market dynamics and implementing effective business strategies.

Are There Different Grades of Soybean Oil?

Yes, soybean oil comes in different grades, including crude soybean oil and refined soybean oil. Refined oil undergoes processes like degumming, neutralization, bleaching, and deodorization to improve quality.

What Certifications are Important for Soybean Oil Manufacturers?

Certifications such as ISO 9001 (Quality Management), ISO 14001 (Environmental Management), and food safety certifications like HACCP are important for ensuring quality and compliance with industry standards.

What is the Shelf Life of Soybean Oil?

Properly stored soybean oil has a shelf life of about one to two years. Factors such as exposure to light, air, and high temperatures can impact the shelf life.

About Next What Business Research Team

The Editorial Staffs at NextWhatBusiness is a team of Business Consultants with years of experience in small and medium-scale manufacturing and service-based businesses.