Small business loans are the essential requirement for small business owners. In any stage of the business lifecycle, you may have faced the requirement of funding. Securing funds for a startup is one of the toughest challenges an Entrepreneur’s faces while starting a new business. You also must know the advantages and disadvantages of each funding methodology. Such as estimating the number of funds required, the application of funds, projected financial position of the business including the returns generated and evolve a strategy.
It is all required to approach and secure the required funds. Apart from angel investors and venture capitalists, banks are one of the largest funders of startups in India. They are providing funding to thousands of startups each year. Here in this article, we intend to explore best small business loans for Indian entrepreneurs for the different purposes.
In product based business two types of loans required by the owners. One is term loan to buy equipment and machinery. Another is working capital loan for stocking inventory. In service based industry working capital requirement is much higher than term loan.
Different Types Of Best Small Business Loans
#1. Term Loans
There are different types of term loans today – short-term loans, long-term loans and mid-term loans, which the entrepreneur can avail of his requirement and financial status. The maximum tenure of a short-term loan will be 3 years and for a long-term loan is 10-15 years. There might be variations in loan interests depending upon the tenure of the loan
Term loans are generally of two types – secured and unsecured. In secured loans, the collateral can be a property, business premises, land or machinery and will attract lower interest rates than an unsecured one.
#2. Temporary Funding
Usually called Overdraft. The word overdraft means overdrawing from your current account. In other words, the account holder withdraws more money from the account than what has been deposited. If the amount overdrawn is within the limits of a prior agreement, the interest will be charged at an agreed rate. A higher interest rate is applicable if it exceeds the limits. As an overdraft can be covered with the next deposit, it is an ideal source of temporary funding. An overdraft facility is considered as a working capital loan.
#3. Bill Discounting
In this process, you get instant cash on large purchases or the credit sales made by discounting your purchase/ sales bill at your bank. You need to produce the documents which authenticate the transaction like trade invoices, track receipts/ railway receipts, bill of lading etc.
#4. Letter of Credit
Letters of credit are used primarily in international transactions of bigger value. They are also used in the land development process. The parties involved in the issuance of a letter of credit are the issuing bank of whom the applicant is a client, a beneficiary who is to receive the money, and the advising bank for which the beneficiary is a client.
As a letter of credit is predominantly used in international finance where buyer and seller do not know each other, the business transaction will be facilitated using the bank’s creditworthiness.
#5. Loan Against Property
Loan Against Property is a type of loan that uses your commercial or residential property as collateral. Loans Against Property are customarily used as a quick means of financing by an SME to expand its business. The loan amount is derived as a percentage of the market value of the property being offered as collateral. For loan against property in India, this percentage ranges from 50%-60%, depending on the bank and the nature and condition of the collateral.
#6. Unsecured Business Loan
An Unsecured Business Loan is a loan without any collateral/security that helps SMEs and startup companies raise debt for purposes such as expansion, project financing or equipment financing. An Unsecured Business Loan does not require any collateral. Applicants looking to procure this type of small business funding should ideally have a high credit score.
#7. MUDRA Bank Loan
Mudra stands for Micro-Units Development and Refinance Agency Ltd. This organization has been established by Government of India for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units. Simply with the vision of – ‘Funding the Unfunded’. Small organizations, companies, startup entrepreneurs of micro-units in India face a lack of formal financial support in starting or growing stage of their small businesses. Mudra bank loan initiative has been taken to provide low-cost funding for MFI (Micro Finance Institutes).
#8. Angel Investment
Angel Investors are financially rich people with expertise in certain fields looking to invest in certain startups along with expertise and guidance if necessary. Generally, an angel investor invests in early or startup stage of a business. They particularly care about passion, commitment, and integrity of the business owner. This is one of the best small business loans option.
#9. Venture Capital Fund
Venture Capitalists are people normally invest in start-ups purely from return on investment mindset. They provide the fund in early and growth stage both. Venture capitalists look for a strong management team, a large potential market and a unique product or service with a strong competitive advantage.
#10. Schemes for Women Entrepreneurs
Banks are now unveiling a slew of attractive lending schemes for women entrepreneurs. Many schemes that are exclusively for women provide relief in terms of collateral security and interest rates. Interest rates vary in most cases from 0.25% to 1% on applicable conditions.
Eligibility Criteria For Best Small Business Loans
The following is the broad eligibility criteria for availing of small business loans in India. The main requirements for acquiring small business loans are the following:
Credit history: Borrowers should be aware of their credit report to ensure that it’s up-to-date and accurate. Having a sound credit history is of paramount importance to ensure that lending institutions are favorable to providing finance for your business unit. Financial institutions review your credit report before reviewing and subsequently approving or rejecting your loan application.
Business feasibility: You have to make profit and loss projections for up to a year in some cases. One has to follow industry standards while projecting your profits and losses. If you don’t follow industry standards, or you don’t know what those standards are, try to make explicit any assumptions you are factoring into your projection. Borrowers have to prepare detailed proforma statements which have to include projections to help lenders gauge the feasibility of the business project unit in the near future.
Business plan: One of the key determinants which will play a key role in acquiring a small business loan is a robust business plan. Additionally, you must convince the lender that the business proposition is sound in terms of financial viability. The lending institution must be satisfied with the overall plan layout including capital estimates for start-ups, operations outflow in terms of employees and marketing, assets in terms of infrastructure and equipment and the capacity to pay off debts.
List Of Best Small Business Loan Providers In India
#1. Smart Business Loans – ICICI Bank
Smart Business Loan (SBL) is an unsecured overdraft facility up to Rs. 25 lakh given to existing ICICI Bank customers. This is a collateral free working capital loan for an entity in the form of an Overdraft.
Overdraft limit provided from Rs. 2 lakh up to Rs. 25 lakhs. Customer needs to pay minimum 5% of the utilized limit every month. Interest charged only on the outstanding amount.
#2. Business Loans – Fullerton India
Fullerton India takes care of a wide range of capital requirements, financial needs and other industrial expenses that are crucial to keeping your business running. Whether you aspire to expand your current business venture or require new machinery or equipment for your enterprise, company’s customized business loans aim to provide the right answer to your problems based on your needs.
#3. Business Loans – HDFC Bank
HDFC Bank offers a wide variety of business loan for different types of requirements. Their loan sanction and disbursal is one of the quickest with easy documentation and doorstep service. The loan rates and charges are very attractive. To apply your business must be profit making for the last 2 years.
#4. Loans & Advances – Bank Of Baroda
Bank of Baroda offers different types of small business loans. Such as working capital finance, term finance, Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Sector, Baroda SME loan pack, Small Business Borrowers. They also offer lucrative interest rates.
#5. Personalized Business Loan & Solutions – Kotak
You can enjoy business growth or expansion without disturbing your personal investments or take multiple loans with Kotak Business Loans. You can diversify your business or even fund your next project through the bank’s personalized solutions and services. Additionally, you can avail loans from Rs. 3 lakhs to Rs. 75 lakhs with a flexible repayment solution. To know the details
#6. Small & Medium Enterprises Loan – Au Financiers
The company provides secured loans to small businesses as well as other entities engaged in income generation activities mainly facilitating needs like equipment purchase, business expansion, new business start-up, technology up-gradation, working capital requirement, erection of building and sheds etc. The typical tenure of these loans ranges from three to five years. The loan amount is starting from Rs. 50000.
#7. Small Business Startup Funding – SIDBI
SIDBI has taken an initiative to fund the manufacturing and service-based industries both. Under this initiative, SIDBI facilitates Bank loans for new as well as existing manufacturing and service sector units.
SIDBI’s initiative in partnership with Banks, Rating Agencies (RAs) and Accredited Consultants (ACs).
It’s a transparent, structured mechanism for timely consideration of loan applications. To know the details
#8. SME Loans – Magma Fincorp
Grow your business with Magma’s SME loans. The company provides SME loans from Rs. 3 lakhs to 2 crores for your various business requirements. They offer loans with no primary or collateral security requirements.
#9. Small Business Loans – Federal Bank
Federal Bank offers a wide variety of best small business loans for the entrepreneurs. These are SME Parameterised Loan Scheme, Asset power Scheme, Federal Goldsmiths Loan Scheme, General Credit Card (GCC) Scheme, Commercial Vehicle Finance Scheme, Loan to Mobile/DTH/Other Electronic Recharge Vendors. They also offer Post Shipment Credit and Pre-Shipment Credit for export-import business owners.
#10. SBI for SME
SBI is very popular for SME funding. They have entire product range for manufacturing and service industry both. The most lucrative scheme is SBI SME collateral free loans. For the manufacturing sector, original investment in plant & machinery should be up to Rs 5 Crore. For service sector, original investment in equipment should be Rs 2 Crore.
Here we have accumulated best small business loans in India for 2018. We hope this will help you in getting finance in every cycle of business.